- Gary W. Kennedy
(b Hamburg, Germany, Jan 12, 1959). German drummer, brother of Axel Zwingenberger. From the mid-1970s he led his own groups and performed and recorded regularly with his brother; in 1978 the two recorded in Los Angeles as accompanists to Joe Turner (ii). In 1983 Zwingenberger made the album Buddy Tate Meets Torsten Zwingenberger (Moustache Music 120159) and formed the Swingburger Quintet, and in the 1990s he led a quartet. He recorded again as a leader in 1989 (with Plas Johnson as his guest soloist) and in 1993 (the album Open Sunroof, Blackbird 41012) and as an unaccompanied soloist in 1991. In November 1992 he played in New York in a hard-bop trio with Peter Bernstein and the double bass player Ari Roland.
- “Jazz News,” JP, 32/7 (1983), 37
- A. Geyer: “Buddy Tate und Torsten Zwingenberger Band,” JP, 37/1 (1988), 35
- C. Hasenmaile: “Moderner geworden: Torsten Zwingenberger,” JP, 31/6 (1990), 6 [incl. discography]
- H. H. Joehnk: “Mainstream im besten Sinn: Torsten Zwingenberger,” JP, 39/5 (1990), 36
- P. Watrous: “Jack Kleinsinger’s Highlights in Jazz,” New York Times (12 Nov 1992)