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date: 19 November 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay


Implosive aerophone of the Kagoro, Ataka, and adjoining peoples of the southern Zaria region of Nigeria.

(1) Instrument of hollow dumbbell shape made from unfired clay. Played by women as rhythmic accompaniment to song and dance, it is gripped around the narrow waist by one hand and produces plopping sounds when the lower end is bounced off the bare thigh; the free hand cups the upper opening. Traditionally it is used to accompany women’s songs such as kuku, giving pre-nuptial advice. More recently it has acquired considerable popularity through its introduction into instrumental ensembles for accompanying women’s church choirs, where it is used with the gourd vessel rattle and the kimkim fired pot.

(2) Ordinary water pot of fired clay with an additional hole in the side. It is placed in the player’s lap with the side hole uppermost, and both openings are cupped alternately by the player’s hands. This instrument would appear to be the ...

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