Nolkin [lolkin, palin, tutuco].
- Jeremy Montagu
A sucked trumpet of the Mapuche people of south-central Chile. It is made from a long stem of a variety of thistle (Senecio otites) or occasionally the troltro (Valeriana viriscens) with an oxhorn bell attached with woollen thread (probably in pre-Hispanic times of coiled leaf or plaited work). The tube is from 1 to 1.5 metres long and extremely narrow, about 4 to 5 mm in diameter. The embouchure is cut to a V-shaped point so that it fits easily into a corner of the mouth. The sound is created by inhaling through vibrating lips and is therefore quiet, and the melodic phrases are short. It is used in shamanic or festive rituals.
Similar instruments are used also in Mexico (under the name of chirimía), some 2 metres long with a calabash bell, and in Paraguay among the Guayaquí or Aché people, where it is simply an oxhorn. See ...