Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 14 November 2019


  • Geneviève Dournon


Variable tension chordophone of Rajasthan, north India. It has a cylindrical body, originally of wood or gourd but now commonly a tin can with ends removed. A skin is stretched over the lower end. A straight wooden neck about 60 cm long, affixed along the body, has a large movable peg through its upper part. A metal string extends from the peg to the centre of the skin. The musician plucks the string with one hand, using either fingers or a plectrum, and with the other hand turns the peg to vary the pitch. The apang provides rhythmic support for devotional songs. It is used in the Udaipur region, notably by the Bhil, a tribal people of the Aravalli hills (southwestern Rajasthan). See also Ektār.

K. Kothari: Folk Musical Instruments of Rajasthan (Borunda, 1977) B.C. Deva: Musical Instruments of India (Calcutta, 1978), 147ff C.J. Adkins and others: ‘Frequency Doubling Chordophones’, ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.