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date: 14 November 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by F.J. de Hen


Conical drum with two laced heads, of the Ngombe of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Drums of this type differ from the Mangbele nabita in that the cords linking the heads are supplemented by transverse ligatures sometimes forming an intricate network (as with the Sere sembe and Mbanja and Zande gaza). Drums can be straight-sided, for example the Mbanja and Ngbaka bia (100 to 120 cm long), or, like the Poto ndundu (ndumba) (about 45 cm long), have curving sides and a lower head considerably smaller than the upper. Often the upper part of the body is cylindrical and the lower part tapered. The Ngombe dindo (60 cm), the dindo moana (50 cm) and the dingita (35 cm) are essentially dance drums.

There appears to be a group of related terms for drums of this type, which includes ndundu (used by both the Ngombe and the Poto), Ngombe ...

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O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1951)