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date: 13 November 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by F.J. de Hen


Double clapperless bell of the Benge of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The term is presumably cognate with the ngongi of the Kakongo, the ngonge of the Lele and Sundi, the kenge of the Mamvu and the konga of the Nkundo. Other double bells in the DRC include the Boma malua, Kusu elundja, Luba lubembo, Songye and Tetela ludembo, Mongo dibemba, Makere kakwumm, Mbala malungg, Mbun mgung, Pende lunga and Zande aporo. These bells range from 20 to 100 cm long and are shaped like a slightly flattened sugar loaf, forged from sheet iron and hammer-welded down the sides. They are struck with sticks of the umbrella tree or other lightweight wood. In pre-colonial times small double bells were made by the hundred and used as dowry. The Benge gonga is sounded for a birth, a marriage or death; the Songye ludembo is used for dance accompaniment; and the Kusu ...

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