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date: 11 December 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by Ferdinand J. de Hen


Drum of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (1) Earthenware kettledrum of the Konda (who buy them), Lia and Iyembe, Lia-Ibeke, and Nkundo peoples (who make them for themselves and for the Konda). Most drums are 20 to 26 cm tall and very broad; the base can be narrower than the overall diameter and curve gently towards the sides. The head, made from antelope skin, is fastened by cord bracing, which can cover most of the pot. The underside is usually protected by a bunch of leaves mixed with the bracings. Among the Konda the drum is beaten with flat hands by women to accompany the dancing of other women; Konda men never play it. The Loi refer to a pot drum of this type as bonkenge, the Mbwanja and Eso as bongemba, and the Ngando as ebondza.

(2) Cylindro-conical footed drum of the Nkundo people. The body, 65 to 75 cm tall, is decorated with a sculpted ring. The skin is nailed to the body. ...

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O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1951)