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date: 14 November 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by Ferdinand J. de Hen


Two-string fiddle of the Holo and Suku peoples of the northwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The resonator is carved from a cylindrical piece of wood, the upper face of which is replaced by a soundtable of thin, pliable wood. The short, thick neck terminates in a carved head. Two tuning-pegs pierce the head laterally and a string from each passes over a wooden bridge on the soundtable and is fastened to a knob projecting from the other end of the cylinder. The instrument’s total length is about 50 cm and the resonator is about 30 cm long and 10 cm in diameter. The strings are made from vegetable fibre, as is the bowstring, which is about 35 cm long and attached to a curved stick. In performance the instrument is placed on the ground or held horizontally against the player’s chest. It is played for entertainment. Among some groups of the Holo the instrument is known as ...

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J.S. Laurenty: Les chordophones du Congo belge et du Ruanda Urundi (Tervuren, 1960)