- Edward J. Gende
End-blown flute of Kuman speakers, Papua New Guinea. About 90 cm long, it is made from thin kura bamboo that grows in the dense forest. The nodes are removed, and towards the distal end four fingerholes are burnt in about 2.5 cm apart. The pumingi is usually blown at dusk and dawn, solo or in groups of two to four. Although difficult to play, it is not restricted in its use. A performance can tell fortunes, cure illnesses, drive away evil spirits, or simply entertain. In the early 1980s, people started to make ...