- Patricia Matusky
Gong of the Bidayuh people of southern Sarawak (Kuching District), Malaysia. The puum (also called agung among other groups in Sarawak) is about 50 to 60 cm in diameter, about 6 cm deep at the rim, and has a broad boss about 1 cm high on the face. The area around the boss is slightly raised. The gong is suspended vertically and struck on the boss with a wooden beater. A pair of puum may be played in an ensemble with two or three ketawak (large, thick bossed gongs), a bandai (medium-sized bossed gong), three sanang (medium to small bossed gongs), two gendang (drums), and a dumbak (small drum). The puum is the lowest-pitched gong in the ensemble and has a very rich resonance. The gongs are owned individually by villagers and are highly valued for their religious and economic significance. The ensemble is played at all Bidayuh festivals and healing ceremonies and also at receptions for important visitors....