Rammana [ramana, roumanea]
- David Morton
- , revised by Terry E. Miller
Frame drum of Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. It might have been derived from the Chinese bangu or the Malaysian rebana. In Thailand it exists in two sizes. The frame of the smaller, rammana mahori, is circular, 5 to 7 cm deep, and slopes inwards towards the open bottom. It is usually made of ivory or of wood inlaid with mother-of-pearl. The head, 25 cm in diameter, is tacked to the sides of the frame. A cord fastened under it along the edge of the body raises the natural pitch and results in a mellower sound. The instrument is played with the fingers and palms of the hands. It is used in the khrueang sai, and mahori ensembles and is often played by the same performer as the thon.
The rammana lam tat (kawng dueng) of Thailand and Laos has a head 50 cm in diameter and a frame 12.5 cm deep. The head is attached to the circular, sloping frame with rattan or cane strips fastened lengthwise to an iron ring whose diameter is the same as that of the smaller, open end of the frame; the ring is placed over this opening. The head can be tightened by driving wedges between the ring and the frame. In the past the instrument accompanied various types of vocal performance; today it is played in the ...