- Arvydas Karaška
- , revised by Romualdas Apanavičius
Disjunct Panpipe of Lithuania. A set of skudučiai comprises five to eight cylindrical or slightly conical pipes graduated from 10 to 20 cm long and one to two cm in diameter. Each pipe (skudutis) produces one note and each player can sound one or several pipes. The pipes are made of wood (ash, maple or alder), of willow or linden bark in spring, or of hollow stems of umbelliferous plants in autumn. The lower end of each pipe is plugged with a sliding (for tuning) or fixed stopper. The upper rim has two opposing crescent-shaped cuts of different depth (see illustration; see also Flute, fig. lc ); the shallower cut lies against the player’s lower lip. Each pipe in the set, and its characteristic rhythm, has its own name.
Skudučiai traditionally play only polyphonic instrumental pieces (ensembles consist of five or six members) and sutartinės (a polyphonic, originally vocal form using the 2nd as a consonant interval, played usually by two or three performers), and were popular in northeast Lithuania, where ...