Áltagõr [pseud. of André Vernier]
- Hugh Davies
[pseud. of André Vernier]
(b Joeuf, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Feb 27, 1915; d Nov 10, 1992). French poet, painter, instrument maker, and inventor of board games. In 1948 he created a brand of poetry, métapoésie, developed from the lettrisme of Isidore Isou (introduced in 1946), which concentrates on sound without semantic content. In 1963 at Trésauvaux, Meuse, he began the construction of 15 koto-like musical instruments in three families, all of which are struck with small sticks: the pantophones have one or two convex bridges and about 12 strings which, in addition to being struck, can be plucked, or bowed with one or two bows; the métaphones have up to four flat bridges and use about 18 large rubber bands as ‘strings’; and the plectrophones have two flat bridges and about 20 strings. Not tuned to equal temperament, these instruments were used for improvisation, often to accompany performances of métapoésie. Vernier claimed that the ...