Castrapuercas [capa puercas, capador]
- John M. Schecter
[capa puercas, capador]
Panpipe of Spain and the New World, also called flauta de Pan or siringa. It is mentioned in Sebastián de Covarrubias Horozco’s Tesoro de la Lengua Castellana o Española (1611) as an instrument carried by the Spanish pig gelder (capa puercas), whence its name. Nowadays in Spain, the sound signals the approach of knife grinders as well as pig gelders. In Spain and Portugal it is made from a single flat piece of wood about 1.5 cm thick; the end with the shortest pipe is about 8 cm long and the opposite end 15 cm long; eight to ten stopped bores are drilled in the board, which at one corner is carved like a horse’s head looking back over the body.
In Antioquia, Colombia, the castrapuercas (castruera, castrera), played by Mestizos, has two ranks of five cane (Arundo donax) pipes. In the 19th century it was described as having 15 to 20 cane pipes. The term most widely used in Colombia for the panpipes in general is ...