Cimpoi [cempoi, chimpoi, cimponi, ciumpoi, şimpoi, şimponi]
- Tiberiu Alexandru
[cempoi, chimpoi, cimponi, ciumpoi, şimpoi, şimponi]
Bagpipe of Romania and Moldavia; in the Banat the instrument is known by the name of the chanter, carabǎ or carabǎ. It is sometimes also known by the plural form of the word: cimpoaie or cǎrǎbi. According to archeological sources, the bagpipe has been known in Romania since the 15th century. The Romanian cimpoi consists of a large goatskin or sheepskin bag (burduf) into which air is blown through a mouthpipe in one leg-hole. The bag, which is usually held under the left arm, has a chanter (carabǎ) about 10 cm long, with a horn bell, fixed into the neck, and a drone pipe about 30 cm long in the other leg-hole. Both wooden pipes are decorated with metalwork and fitted with idioglot single reeds of cane, elder or, occasionally, delicate willow stem. The drone pipe is usually made of three sections fitted one into another; it produces a constant, rather buzzing drone, hence its onomatopoeic name ...