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date: 14 November 2019


  • Hugh Davies


A monophonic electronic keyboard instrument developed probably in Budapest about 1930 by Nicholas Langer with John Halmágyi, and manufactured by Emicon, Inc. of Deep River, Connecticut; its name was derived from that of the distributors, M.I. Conn in New York. It is housed in a shallow rectangular case small enough to sit on a tabletop, and the keyboard has 32 notes; the sounds are generated by a single audio oscillator and there are timbre, vibrato, and volume controls. The Emicon can be attached directly to a radio receiver, public address system, amplifier, or any similar equipment. The tone quality can be varied by filtering overtones to simulate a violin, horn, saxophone, and so on. Using a potentiometer as a tuning button, the pitch of the instrument can be raised or lowered over a range of a 5th. Two examples may be found at US.V.n. The Emicon was exported to Europe, and it exercised an important influence on the career of the electronic instrument designer Harald Bode. Langer moved about ...

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