Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 16 November 2019

Farai [famfami, fami fami, fanfami]locked

  • K.A. Gourlay


[famfami, fami fami, fanfami]

Ceremonial wooden trumpet of the Hausa people of Nigeria. It is played in a nearly horizontal position with the right hand near the mouthpiece and the left hand at the bell end (see illustration). It about 80 cm long and made in several sections, with a wooden mouthpiece end, a bamboo middle section, and a wooden or metal (kerosene tin) bell. It is used in the performance of praise epithets (take) for a ruler as part of a traditional ensemble in which the main instruments are usually ganga drums and long Kakaki trumpets. The farai is often called a ‘short’ trumpet in contrast to the kakaki. Among the Yoruba people at Oyo in Nigeria the instrument was known as fami fami. From the similarity of this term to famfam and pampamme (long trumpets recorded in the 19th century), it is possible that the earliest wooden trumpets associated with high rank were very long and they likely acquired the shortened form when supplanted by the long metal ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.