Farai [famfami, fami fami, fanfami]
- K.A. Gourlay
[famfami, fami fami, fanfami]
Ceremonial wooden trumpet of the Hausa people of Nigeria. It is played in a nearly horizontal position with the right hand near the mouthpiece and the left hand at the bell end (see illustration). It about 80 cm long and made in several sections, with a wooden mouthpiece end, a bamboo middle section, and a wooden or metal (kerosene tin) bell. It is used in the performance of praise epithets (take) for a ruler as part of a traditional ensemble in which the main instruments are usually ganga drums and long Kakaki trumpets. The farai is often called a ‘short’ trumpet in contrast to the kakaki. Among the Yoruba people at Oyo in Nigeria the instrument was known as fami fami. From the similarity of this term to famfam and pampamme (long trumpets recorded in the 19th century), it is possible that the earliest wooden trumpets associated with high rank were very long and they likely acquired the shortened form when supplanted by the long metal ...