Fulgenzi [Fulgentio] Fiammingo, Vincenzo Beltramo [Fiammingo, Vincenzo ]
- Hans Klotz
[Fiammingo, Vincenzo ]
(flc1578–1600). South Netherlands organ builder, active in Italy. He was probably not the Vincenzo Beltramo Borgognone who entered into a contract with the church of S Nicolò at Tortoreto in 1544. Fulgenzi, whose art was highly esteemed by A. Banchieri and G. Diruta, built important organs in S Pietro, Gubbio (1582, 1587–9, with the Perugian brothers Luca and Stefano Blasi) and in Orvieto Cathedral (1591–4). In both of these organs, he incorporated 12 principal chorus stops, and about the same number of other stops: wide-scaled open and stopped flutes, Rohr- and Spitzflöten (including quint ranks); narrow-scaled Querflöten, Violen, and Schweizerpfeifen; wide-scaled Cornets with about five ranks; reed stops such as Posaune, Regal, Trompete (divided into bass and treble), and Vox humana; and auxiliary stops such as Tremulant, Usignuolo, Cornamusa, and Ciamballetti (a combination of features at that time found in organs of the south Netherlands). Although praised by Banchieri, the imitative stops that Fulgenzi introduced were criticized by others as being inappropriate for organs. Italian organ builders favoured one keyboard but Fulgenzi provided two (one for a Rückpositiv, another innovation in Italy), which allowed two organists to play together, though the keyboards could also be controlled by one player (the contract between Fulgenzi and Orvieto does not indicate how the above-mentioned stops were distributed between the two keyboards). Fulgenzi evidently kept himself well informed on organ building developments in his home country. Three sons reportedly followed his profession; a Fulgenzi organ from ...