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date: 13 November 2019

Kittel, Nikolai Ferdinandovich locked


(b St Petersburg, 1805; d St Petersburg, April 18, 1868). Russian violin and bow maker of Austrian parentage. He became known as the ‘Russian Tourte’ for the excellence of his bows, some of which, however, were made for him by others such as Vladimir Ivanoff and Heinrich Knopf. Kittel was a violin maker to the Russian court; his instruments, including cellos, were said to be the best made in Russia, but he is better remembered for producing light, flexible bows modelled in some respects after F.X. Tourte’s, often employing highly figured wood with gold and tortoiseshell mounts. Nowadays rare, his bows have been used by major artists including Vieuxtemps, Auer, Heifetz, Stern, and Menuhin. His son, also Nikolai, succeeded him. (K. Grünke, J.P. Gabriel and Yung Chin: ...

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