- Niall O’Loughlin
German family of brass and woodwind instrument makers. Its most important members were Johann Gottfried Moritz (b 1777; d Berlin, 30 July 1840) and his son Carl [Karl] Wilhelm Moritz (b Berlin, 7 Dec 1811; d Berlin, 18 Oct 1855). J.G. Moritz founded the family business in 1799 in Leipzig, moving to Dresden in 1805, and to Berlin in 1808. On 1 December 1819 he became instrument maker to the Berlin court. C.W. Moritz carried on the business after his father’s death, expanding the work to include a range of woodwind instruments. Like his father he became court instrument maker, on 24 October 1840. After his death his work was continued by his sons Wilhelm Moritz (1837–72) and Johann Carl Albert Moritz (1837–97) and succeeding members of the family until 1955 (after World War II in West Berlin).
Although J.G. Moritz built trumpets, keyed bugles, and valve horns, he is best known for his work on the valve and on the bass tuba. He invented, jointly with the Berlin maker Wilhelm Wieprecht, the ‘Berliner-Pumpe’ valve in ...