Naṙ [narh, nadd, naddu]
- Alastair Dick
[narh, nadd, naddu]
End-blown rim flute of Sind, Pakistan, and Rajasthan, India. The name means simply ‘cane’, and the flute is similar to the ney of West and Central Asia and the Baluchi nel, of which it forms an eastward extension. The flute is made of the desert reed sacco kangor; it is hollow for its whole length, from about 60 to 100 cm. A smaller and thinner variety, the kani, about 30 to 46 cm long, is also found in Sind. The blowing end of the pipe is conically bevelled or fitted with a similar sleeve of tin; the distal end might also be metal-sleeved. There are four equidistant fingerholes towards the lower end. The flute is held obliquely and the breath directed towards the rim.
In spite of its simple construction the naṙ has a complex playing technique, with cross-fingerings, blowing control, and partial opening of the proximal end to flatten or sharpen the pitch; the performer may also hum a drone while playing. In Sind the ...