Braun, Johann Georg
- Niall O’Loughlin
(b Wohlhausen, Germany, March 27, 1790; d Mannheim, Germany, May 8, 1833). German maker of woodwind instruments. He moved from Wohlhausen to Mannheim in 1816 and worked there for the rest of his life. Some of his flutes have as many as 13 keys; his clarinets, with up to 18 keys, were very advanced and elaborate for their time. A six-key walking-stick clarinet by Braun is in the Gemeentemuseum in the Hague. He also made oboes, three-key bass horns, and basset horns, including an impressive 17-key instrument in F (D.LE.u) with straight body, angled barrel, and backwards-pointing bulbous bell like that of Anton Stadler’s basset clarinet of 1794. In 1835, Plattner, a dealer in Rotterdam, acquired from Braun’s widow the remaining stock of flutes and clarinets, some of which was documented in Plattner’s auction catalogue of 1843.W. Waterhouse: The New Langwill Index: a Dictionary of Musical Wind-Instrument Makers and Inventors...