- K.A. Gourlay
Long closed cylindrical drum of the Hausa people of northern Nigeria. It was first mentioned in the Kano Chronicle, in the account of the reign of Kanajeje (1390–1410). The dundufa is barrel-shaped with a head of goatskin or newborn calfskin, held in place by a ring that is laced to a second ring at the base of the body and tensioned by the insertion of small wooden or horn pegs. Dundufa are 80 to 90 cm tall and 18 to 25 cm in diameter and are invariably played in sets of two or three. In Katsina, three are placed vertically before a standing drummer; he beats two with a straight stick held in his right hand, and one (sometimes all three) with his left hand. In Zaria two vertical drums are used, but the player is seated and beats both drums with the left hand and a stick held in his right hand. In the Sokoto area a similar drum set, the ...