Fincke family [Finke, Finck]
- Felix Friedrich
German family of organ builders, active in Thuringia in the 18th century. Johann Georg Fincke (b c 1685; bur. Saalfeld, Germany, 26 May 1749), son of Christian Fincke (1648–1715), is described in the records as a ‘citizen and organ builder’ of Saalfeld. He married three times: before 1709, on 14 October 1709 and after 1720. Another Johann Georg Fincke (d Neustadt an der Orla, 2 Nov 1774), presumably the son of the elder J.G. Fincke, is described in church records as an organ builder and citizen of Neustadt. Johann Philipp Finck is also mentioned as organ builder in Saalfeld, but his relationship to the two J.G. Finckes is not clear. Several other Finckes are mentioned in Jena, Neustadt, Saalfeld, and Gera but the family relationships are obscure.
Significant similarities of style exist between the elder J.G. Fincke and T.H.G. Trost, who was active in Thuringia at the same time; these include their organ specifications, the basic tonality of the instruments, and in further details of register construction, their use of Tierces in their Mixtures, scaling, and technical layout. They probably had the same teacher, as yet unidentified. Striking features of the specifications include the uninterrupted structure of the Principals and a preference for flute stops, although string stops do occur with increasing frequency (Viola di gamba 8′, Spitzflöte 8′, Quintadena 16′, Violonbass 16′). In ...