- Margaret J. Kartomi
(1) A Minang term commonly denoting any type of drum, such as a frame drum of West Sumatra and the west coast of North Sumatra. In Sumatra it is played in pairs together with a biola (violin) and a singer of melismatic settings of Malay pantun or syair (four-line rhyming verse forms), and often accompanies local dances. The gandang indung (‘mother drum’) measures about 45 cm in diameter and 10 cm deep, and the smaller gandang anak (‘child drum’) about 26 cm by 10 cm. The drums are made of lunak (a softwood) with goatskin heads. In the Sorkam area sometimes 8, 10, or 12 gandang are played together. In the Natal area the gandang might be replaced by a gendang bulek (‘round drum’). In Minangkabu a gandang about 35 cm long is played in the talempong ensemble.
(2) An ensemble of Sumatra, consisting of biola, two or more gandang...