Krause, August Friedrich
- Niall O’Loughlin
(b Leipzig, Germany, May 5, 1753; d Berlin, Germany, April 23, 1806). German brass instrument maker. The son of the Leipzig trumpet maker August Friedrich Krause (1719–89), he served in the Regiment of Prince Heinrich in the Prussian Army, later becoming established as an instrument maker in Potsdam, where he settled in 1780. On 17 March 1787 he petitioned King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia to bestow on him the title of Hofinstrumentenmacher, which was granted, and later made other petitions to increase his business. He received a commission in 1788 to build 200 ‘Preussischer Halbmond’ flugelhorns for the Prussian army. He moved to Berlin in 1791 and the following year engaged in a dispute with his competitor Carl Ludwig Blanvalet (1747–1803). Although Krause failed to prevent Blanvalet from continuing to work, he prevailed in having import taxes on trumpets, trombones, and horns raised, thus cutting off imports from Saxony. His journeyman and successor was Joseph Caspar Gabler (...