- Frank Hawkins
(b Krumbach, Swabia, Germany, Oct 9, 1954). German horn player and horn manufacturer. He was appointed principal horn of the Bavarian Radio Orchestra in Munich in 1978 and also played with the Berlin Radio SO and the Berlin Philharmonic. In 1978 he decided to produce his own range of horns, which entered the market in 1980. The components for those instruments were made by as many as 15 different firms and assembled by Böhm & Meinl in Geretsried, with the insignia ‘B.M. Modell Engelbert Schmid’. With Klaus Wogram of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Brunswick, he established what he considered the optimum taper and flare to achieve the best tuning for his four bell sizes and for each length of horn. He was also concerned to eliminate or soften any constriction in the valves and tuning slides; the two holes in the valves, where the slides are attached, are milled obliquely rather than at right angles to the tangent, and the curves at the end of the slides are not narrower than the straight tubing. His article ‘Überlegungen zur Qualität eines Waldhorns’ (...