- Margaret J. Kartomi
Double-headed wooden cylindrical drum of northern Sumatra and Flores, Indonesia, resembling, and almost certainly derived from, the European 18th century military side drum. In West Aceh, Sumatra, there are two sizes, one about 40 cm in diameter and 45 cm tall and the other 30 or more cm in diameter and 22 cm tall. In Flores the heads are made of deerskin or goatskin and tightened with hoops connected by buffalo-leather cords; inside the body are some rattling stones. Each type is suspended from the player’s shoulder and beaten with a pair of wooden sticks. In Flores the ...