Tambor mayor [tambor alegre]
- George List
Single-headed conical drum of the Atlantic coastal region of Colombia. The head is secured with a flesh hoop consisting of a strong vine and a counter-hoop of vine or heavy wire; the wooden body is open at the bottom. A girdle of rope or vine passes around the middle of the body. A single rope runs around the drum in a zigzag pattern connecting the girdle and the counter-hoop. Wooden wedges are thrust down into the girdle and the drum is tuned by pounding the wedges downwards. The tambor mayor is held between the legs and struck with both hands near the centre and edge of the head. Its counter-hoop is probably of European origin. This drum takes part in various dance ensembles.
The llamador, a similar drum of the region, is held on one knee and played with one hand. The cununo of Colombia and Ecuador is also similar though the bottom is closed except for a small hole; it is struck by both hands. Two ...