- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
(flc1737–61). Italian violin maker. He probably studied with his father, Giovanni Battista (Johannes Baptista) Zanoli, and left his hometown of Verona to work in Padua (a cello made there, his earliest known instrument, is dated 1737) and Venice (where he registered for jury duty in 1747, and where a brother was reportedly a bass singer in the choir of San Marco). After his father’s death he returned to Verona and took over his workshop, the only one of note in that city. He was by no means an innovatory maker, his violins generally following classical Italian patterns (especially in his Venetian-oriented cellos) but with Germanic influence in their rather square arching, deeply curved waist, upright soundholes of Tirolean style, and walnut linings. His long pegboxes and large, tight scrolls are distinctive. While the table wood is invariably excellent, Zanoli often used rather ordinary Italian maple for the backs. Not all his works are of equal merit but his better instruments are varnished an attractive light golden orange-brown or red-brown....