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date: 14 December 2019


  • K.A. Gourlay
  • , revised by Peter Cooke


Horn ensemble of eastern Africa. Amakondere is a term used in southern Uganda; amakondera is used in Rwanda. Both terms refer to sets of five or more side-blown horns associated traditionally with the ruling houses of Buganda, Bunyoro, Toro, Nkore, Kooki, and Rwanda. The Ganda ekkondere (sing.) is a slightly conical or irregularly shaped section of gourd with an oval embouchure near the tip and a fingerhole in the tip itself. The whole instrument is covered with cowhide. The Nkore horn is composite: both parts can be made of gourd, or it can be an animal horn with a gourd bell joined by a strip of cowhide. The instruments vary in length from 32 to 45 cm, while their width does not exceed 8 cm. The three smallest of the set played for the king of Bunyoro are heavily decorated with red, white, and blue beads and cowries. Called nyamarra...

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