Anderst, Johann Friedrich
- Paul Niemistö
(b St Petersburg, Russia, 1804; d St Petersburg, ?1871). Russian brass instrument maker of German background. Anderst’s parents reportedly immigrated to Russia from Schleswig-Holstein; his father’s occupation is unknown, and Johann Friedrich’s training and career are obscure. From the 1820s his residence and workshop were on the Ekaterininsky Canal in St Petersburg, and he was a member of the Evangelical Lutheran church. His sons Friedrich (1831–68) and Florian (1837–72) followed his profession; other local instrument makers named Anderst were probably related. All known Anderst instruments bear the engraved or stamped name of J.F. Anderst. These include a bugle (dated 1822), a natural trumpet (dated 1825), a natural horn, and a Stölzel-valve horn (1822) (all in RUS.SP.m); a two-valve trumpet and a three-valve trumpet (in RUS.M.cm); and a set of nine curious ‘butterfly-valve’ instruments at the Kuopio Cultural History Museum in Finland. An anonymous butterfly-valve cornet in Paris (F.P.cm) can be attributed to Anderst. The Kuopio instruments are inscribed ‘cornetto’ (four examples), ‘obbligato’, ‘tenor’, ‘corno’, ‘bassocorno’, and ‘grand basso’ (upright model). Their butterfly valves, apparently of experimental design resembling those used in carburettors, are laterally pivoted discs that close flat across the windway and open perpendicular to it when operated by a linkage to a plunger-type touchpiece. The valve mechanisms are enclosed within lyre-shaped encasements....