- Arnold Myers
- and Eugenia Mitroulia
Family of three- or four-valve brass instruments whose general shape, with upturned bell, resembles somewhat the saxophone. In terms of acoustical design and mouthpiece antoniophones do not differ from equivalent standard brass band instruments. This model of instrument, sometimes said to be a redesign of the Courtois Koenig horn, was first produced in 1867 in Paris by Antoine Courtois (d 1880), after whom it is named. Other firms who produced antoniophones were Thibouville-Lamy in Paris, Boosey & Co. in London and Missenharter in New York. The Boosey instruments, produced in sizes ranging from E♭ soprano (cornet equivalent) to E♭ bass (tuba), were given the trade name ‘Orpheon’ and a set of five made in 1887 was used by the Patrick S. Gilmore Band in the USA, where antoniophones were sold by J. Howard Foote among others. Another set of five, produced by Boosey in 1888–9, was played by the Stoneham family quintet in Australia....