- J. Richard Haefer
Single-headed conical drum of Ashanti origin, used by Maroon groups and rural and urban black Surinamese people. It is about 35 cm tall with a diameter of 12 cm at the head and 6 cm at the foot. The tanned-hide head is held on a hoop with cord lacing and is struck by bare hands. Larger versions (up to 70 cm) were used in the past. Nowadays a commercial conga drum may be substituted.
Less often among the same people, the term refers to a small double-headed cylindrical drum with hoop and lacing, played with a stick on one head and a hand on the other. It is used by Ndjuka (Aukan) and Matuay Bush people to accompany song and dance genres, and rural and urban black groups use it for the kawina, a popular Creole call-and-response music and dance genre.
Other Surinam drums include the agida (adjida, single-headed and about 3 m long), used in the ...