- John M. Schechter
Percussion idiophone of Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico, used especially by the Aztecs and Maya-Quiché. The Maya instrument, called kayab, appeared as early as the 8th century ce (in a fresco in Structure 1 of the Bonampak temple paintings at Chiapas). It was later employed by the Aztecs. It was a turtle shell struck with a stag’s antler on both ends of the plastron (ventral part of the shell), sounding two pitches (...