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date: 22 November 2019

Bajón [bajunes]locked

  • J. Richard Haefer



Multiple trumpet of the Mojos (Moxos) Indians of the San Ignacio de Moxos and Tacanas areas of Bolivia. Erroneously sometimes called a fagot or panpipe, it is popularly referred to as a bajón (big bass) by the Moxeños. It comprises 5 to 14 conical tubes of graduated length, made of rolled cusi palm fronds (Attalea speciosa) tied together side by side with pita (cactus fiber) or cotton yarn. It is sounded by buzzing the lips in a wooden mouthpiece at the end of each one-note tube, and is normally played in pairs. The longest tube is about 1.7 m long with a diameter of 22 mm at the blowing end and 5 to 10 cm at the distal end.

The bajón is probably of post-Contact origin and developed as an instrument for evangelization, likely providing a bass line in performances of European music in Jesuit missions. A similar instrument is the ...

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