- John M. Schechter
Mandolin widely used as a folk instrument in Latin America. The instruments of the mestizos and Quechuas in highland Ecuador have a teardrop-shaped body with a flat back and a circular sound hole and are made from cedar, pine, and other woods. They have five triple courses of metal strings and are played with a plectrum. Several tunings are found; in the region of Cotacachi, Imbabura Province, one tuning is g″–e♭″–c″–g″–e♭″; a more popular tuning is e″e′e″–a″a′a″–d″d′d″–f♯″f♯′f♯″–b″b′b″. The latter tuning is often varied in the fourth course to g″g′g″ to facilitate guitar-like chord fingerings. In the Andean region the bandolín, together with the rondador and the charango, accompanies sanjuanito...