Bazin, James Amireaux
- Darcy Kuronen
(b Boston, MA, March 29, 1798; d Canton, MA, Jan 5, 1883). American inventor, designer, and maker of free-reed instruments. He was a son of French Huguenot parents who came to Boston in 1788; his father, trained as a watchmaker, made and sold hardware, and no doubt Bazin gained from his father an interest in mechanics. His instruments had limited influence on later manufacturers, but are among the earliest of their type made in the USA. About 1821, Bazin developed an adjustable pitch pipe (US.B.mfa) with a sliding bar that presses against the reed to create multiple pitches; he sold these through Boston music stores. Soon afterwards he began to create various mouth-blown instruments with multiple reeds. The most elaborate, made in 1824, is a ‘reed trumpet’ with a chromatic range of three octaves, the reeds radiating from the centre of a disc and rotating past a stationary tubular mouthpiece; the sound emerges through a flared copper bell opposite the mouthpiece. He developed a diatonic harmonica by about ...