- Trân Quang Hai
- , revised by Nguyen Thuyet Phong
Set of Vietnamese bells formerly played in the imperial court. It consists of 12 bronze bells, identical in shape and size but of different thicknesses, hung in a frame and struck with a horn hammer. They produce a chromatic scale but are used for pentatonic music. The biên chung is used only for Confucian temple music, now performed only in China, Taiwan (...