- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
- , revised by Philip J. Kass
(b Mirecourt, France, Feb 10, 1851; d Lyons, France, 1912). French violin maker. He was apprenticed in Mirecourt to Auguste Darte, a pupil of Vuillaume, in 1865; thereafter, he worked for a number of shops, including those of Daniel in Marseilles and, after 1869, that of Hippolyte-Chrétien Silvestre in Lyons. He opened his own workshop there in 1876, producing instruments in the style of Silvestre for the next decade. From 1885 his instruments, on the Stradivari or Guarneri models, were coated with a transparent, golden-red varnish of excellent composition. Showing fastidious workmanship, his violins are of handsome wood. He received awards in the Paris expositions of 1889 and 1900 and in the Lyons Exposition of 1894. He used three labels: a printed label with a decorative border for his own work; a similar one for workshop productions that noted ‘Fait dans l’atelier’; and a third for commercial instruments that prominently displayed the word LVGDVNVM....