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date: 19 November 2019


  • John M. Schechter
  • , revised by J. Richard Haefer


Generic term for a horn in Latin America, specifically a natural horn of the mestizos and more especially the Quechua people of the highland Ecuadorian provinces of Imbabura, Chimborazo, Tungurahua, Cotopaxi, Cañar, and Azuayi. Each highland zone possesses its own type. The long (2 metres or more) and straight bamboo end-blown instrument is called huarumo or guarumo in the highlands; it is played in ensemble with flute and bombo. Among the Salasaca of Tungurahua and the Imbabura Quechua it is made up of a number of curved cow-horn segments joined together and ending with a guadúa (bamboo) bell. (It is sometimes called churu, not to be confused with the conch churu or quipa used for similar purposes in the Cotopaxi, Tungurahua, and Chimborazo provinces.) Bocinas are used by Quechuas to call men to fight, to minga (community work projects), to gather to celebrate the completion of a house or other festive occasions, and for other purposes....

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