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date: 11 July 2020


  • K.A. Gourlay


Nose flute of the Nkundo and Konda Bowele peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made from a hollow pawpaw stem; the ends are sealed with resin and a small hole pierced in each. A thumb hole is made 2 cm from one end on the dorsal side and opened or closed as the instrument is blown with a nostril. The players are mainly children who use the nose flute for amusement. The ifonge na ndzulu of the Mongo is similar except that a small leaf is placed over each end to seal it and there is no thumb hole. Other nose flutes reported from the Democratic Republic of the Congo include the Bali, Mbo, and Ndaka aduteli, Bira bukanga and Kumu and Lega kabili.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960) G. Knosp: Enquête sur la vie musicale au Congo belge 1934–1935...

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