- J. Richard Haefer
Bass guitar of Puerto Rico. The body is about 15 to 18 cm deep, 45 cm wide across the lower bouts, 15 cm wide at the waist, and about the same width across the narrow upper bouts. The fingerboard is about 66 cm long and the overall length about 90 cm. Normally there are five single strings or (most commonly) bichords, but examples with six single strings or four bichords exist; the most common five-course tuning is A–D–F#–g–e′ with some bichords in octaves. Mechanical tuners are used nowadays. The neck is thick and the ebony fingerboard extends to the middle of the soundhole only slightly lifted from the soundtable; it has 17 full wooden frets and several partial frets near the soundhole. Two small soundholes are located above the large one flanking the fingerboard. Originally carved from a single piece of cedar with a separate soundtable, the bordonúa is nowadays assembled in sections like a guitar....