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date: 14 November 2019


  • Zdravko Blažeković


Bark horn of Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia. In Slovenia it is called trompenta and the term Rog is also used in these areas. The Romanian equivalent is called trâmbiţă or tulnic, Ukrainian trembyta, Polish trombita. It is a conical tube from 20 cm to more than a metre long, made from coiled willow or ash-tree bark, sometimes with a cylindrical mouthpiece. Shepherds (mostly children) use it in spring as a signalling instrument. In Herzegovina a similar horn called rikalo or bušen is made of coiled ash-tree bark, about 20 to 30 cm long, and in northeastern Serbia it is made of linden bark about 1.5 to 2 metres long or longer. Bušen can be also made of willow or ash wood split lengthwise, hollowed, reattached, and reinforced by metal rings. The longer instruments are rested on the ground or on a support when played, like an alphorn. In all these areas, these horns are blown in the rituals of St George to protect animals from evil spirits. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the word ...

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