- Cvjetko Rihtman
Double-headed cylindrical drum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The kidskin heads are stretched over a wooden body made of bent board 5 mm thick, the depth of which is smaller than the diameter of the head (about 35 cm). One of the heads usually has a snare. Similar, smaller drums are called bubnjić or doboš. The bubanj is beaten with a mallet or drumstick, and a cane, the wooden drumstick producing a stronger sound than the cane. The basic function of the latter is to prepare for and reinforce the intensity of expectation of the main beat (with the drumstick), and the player uses it primarily for upbeats and also for gradual intensification, acceleration, and sudden pauses, thus achieving striking rhythmical patterns.
Instruments of this type are often played with other outdoor instruments and are rarely played alone. At the courts of Bosnian feudal lords, before the arrival of the Turks, they were played with shawms and trumpets. Their main role was to draw the attention of the crowd, to emphasize the importance of an event, to transmit messages, or to mark the rhythm of movement....