Buben [baraban, ruchnoy baraban]
- Inna D. Nazina
[baraban, ruchnoy baraban]
Frame drum of Belarus. It exists in two types. The earlier, used from at least the 12th century, has a wooden or metal hoop bearing one head that is tensioned by means of a cord or, in the 20th century, screws. It is struck with a stick thickened at the end. The later type appeared by the middle of the 19th century. It has attachments: pairs of lyaskotkas (brass jingles) on pins in the openings of the hoops, and sharkhuns (pellet bells) hung on wires stretched across the skin within the hoop. This type is played by shaking, striking the head with fingers, hand, or stick, rubbing, and combinations of these techniques, leading to a substantial enrichment of expressive capabilities. The buben is used in Belarussian folk ensembles performing dance music and wedding marches together with other instruments (violin, dulcimer, accordion), as well as in folk academic orchestras and amateur ensembles. Its function in the ensemble is rhythmic and colouristic, stimulating emotion and organizing the musical structure. The character and style of the ensemble depend on the drummer’s temperament, skill, and ease....