Bungas [celma bungas]
- Valdis Muktupāvels
Term for various cylindrical drums of Latvia. Though the name appears in written sources since the 17th century and quite frequently in folklore, there is little evidence of the drums’ shapes before the 20th century. The earlier drums were sounded at weddings and other occasions and were played by town and military musicians. Iconography and a few museum specimens show a cylindrical one- or two-headed drum, about 40 cm in diameter and 50–60 cm tall, played with two wooden sticks.
At the end of the 19th century a significantly bigger cylindrical drum was used. It was double-headed, 60–80 cm in diameter and 30–40 cm tall. The dog-skin heads were attached with wooden or metal hoops held by metal hooks. The instrument was placed on the ground, and the player used one beater having a soft head. The bungas was used with other instruments to play dance music at weddings and outdoor dance parties....