- Jaak Liivoja-Lorius
- , revised by Philip J. Kass
(b nr Treviso, Italy, c1720; d Venice, Italy, March 28, 1783). Italian violin maker. He worked primarily in Venice. He is known chiefly for his double basses; his violins, violas, and cellos do not appear to follow any fixed model and tend to lack grace. The fact that he often used slab-cut lumber for his tables and backs indicates a certain lack of concern in the choice of wood. However the quality of his instruments is raised through the varnish, which is a rich red-brown and typically Venetian in texture, and through their mellow tone. In contrast to the debatable merits of his violins, Busan’s double basses are invariably of good quality and thus much sought after. He used three printed label forms, two large ones with elaborate borders and a very small one with plain borders....