Bovine horn of Nicaragua and Peru; it is the same as the pututu signal horn of Bolivia. In the Mantaro Valley cacho is another name for the wak’rapuku, a coiled horn made from numerous sections of cow horn joined with pegs and pitch or covered with rubber bands from bicycle inner-tubes. Nowadays such horns are also made from sections of sheet metal. Before the Spanish introduction of cows, similar horns were made of ceramic.
The cacho de venado (cacho venao) of Colombia and Venezuela is a one-note vessel flute made from a deer skull with antlers attached. The spinal opening is plugged with wax. A smaller hole made between the antlers is blown across while the skull is held to the mouth by the antlers. A pair of these instruments, larger and smaller, sounding about a 4th apart, are played for ceremonial dances and funeral rites.M. Kuss...