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date: 08 December 2019


  • Alastair Dick


Shallow barrel drum of the Santal people of eastern India. It is 25 to 30 cm deep, 32.5 cm in diameter at the right-hand head, and 35 cm at the left. The shell is of gambhari wood, and the heads are of goatskin stretched on creeper hoops and laced with leather thongs and metal tuning-loops. The right head has a hardened tuning paste of earth, oil, gum, and vermilion. The drum is hung either vertically and played with sticks on the upper (right) head, or horizontally and beaten with the hands on both heads....

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